ANIMAL HUSBANDRY OBJ
Hand mating: This is the controlled mating in which the time and mating individual are selected by the breeder
Pen mating - This consist of one male with a selected group of females
Pasture mating: Uncontrolled mating within a flock or herd
- Pasture mating
(i) Decreased expenses for personal
(ii) Decreased breeding expenses
- Pen mating
(i) Less labour
(ii) Increase risky boar overuse
- Hand mating
(i) Mating can be scheduled and confirmed
(ii) Hand breeding offers less risk to the stallion
- Artificial vagina
- Electro ejaculation
Monogastric means having a simple single-chambered stomach.
Concentrate: This is a feed used with another to improve the nutritive balance of the total and intended to be further diluted and mixed to produce a supplement or a complete feed
Additive: This is an ingredient or combination of ingredients added to the basic feed mix or parts thereof to fulfil a specific need.
(i) It stimulates the muscles in the wall of the rumen to contract and expand,
(ii) For maintenance of normal hindgut function
(iii) It helps in digestion
(iv) It contains a lot of nutrients
(i) Caecum: Absorbs fluids and salts that remain after completion of intestinal digestion and absorption
(ii) Gizzard: Aids in digestion by particle size reduction, chemical degradation of nutrients and regulation of feed flow, and response rapidly to changes in the coarseness of the diet.
(iii) Crop: It is used to store food temporarily before moving it on to the stomach.
(iv) Rumen: It stores food that a ruminant regurgitates, chews again and swallows a second time.
(v) Lung: Its function is to deliver oxygen to the bloodstream in exchange for carbon dioxide
(i)Checking body temperature
(ii)Measuring the body mass
(iii)Measuring the growth
(iv)Checking their activeness
(v)Loss of fat
(vi)They feel cold
Fodder is a type of animal feed or any agricultural foodstuff used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, rabbits
Paddocking is where animals are placed in an enclosed area so that they can be grazed and be trained
Reseeding can be defined as the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
Stocking rate is the basic relationship between livestock and the forage resource.
Natural pasture is usually on land unsuited to arable cropping because of stoniness, seasonal waterlogging, slope or a short growing season, or due to pattern of rainfall distribution or temperature.
(i) Climatic Factors
(ii) Soil or Edaphic factors
(iii) Biotic Factors
(iv) Size and shape
(i) Weeds Add Organic Matter and Nutrients to the Soil
(ii) Weeds Check Wind, Water and Soil Erosion
(iii) Some of the Weeds are used as Fodder for Animal
(iv) Some of the Weeds are used as Leafy Vegetables
(v) Some of the Weeds have Medicinal Value
Flushing is the practice of increasing nutrient intake and body condition prior to and during the breeding
Dystocia refers to abnormal or difficult birth caused by maternal factors eg (uterine inertia, inadequate size of the birth canal)
Parturition is the process of delivery of the fully-grown fetus on the completion of the normal pregnancy period.
(i)Fencing facilitates mixed farming by keeping livestock from the crops.
(ii) Fencing facilitates rotational grazing through padlocking.
(iii) Fencing enables the farmer to keep different species of livestock separately but on the same farm.
(iv) Fencing aids in isolating animals from the others when the need arises.
(v) Fencing can enable the farmer to control breeding.
(i) Rabbits are very fast growing animals.
(ii) Their food converting rate is better than other animals.
(iii) One female rabbit can give birth about 2 to 8 kids each time.
(iv) Rabbit Farming business requires less space and it can be done anywhere at the farm, backyard, on a terrace or even at home.
(v) Production costs are less, compared to other large-sized animals.
(i) The cost of construction of a deep
litter house is high.
(ii) It requires a large quantity of litters, adding
to the production cost.
(iii) There is wastage of feeds by birds.
(iv) Cannibalism and pecking of eggs are common practice in layers under
(v) It is difficult to detect
unproductive birds in deep litter system.
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